Sárossy Botond Kadocsa
DonationA 2003/571-es adótörvény értelmében minden állampolgár rendelkezhet személyi jövedelemadója 2%-ról, amelyet olyan civil szervezetnek ajánlhat fel, amelynek tevékenységét támogatni szeretné. Amennyiben nem élnek ezzel a lehetőséggel, ez az összeg az államkasszába kerül.
A személyi jövedelemadója 2%-át a következőképpen ajánlhatja fel:
Ha az Ön jövedelme csak fizetésből (egy vagy több) származik, akkor a 230-as formanyomtatványt kell kitöltenie. Amennyiben a formanyomtatvány II. pontjánál nem tudja meghatározni a 2%-ból származó összeget, hagyja üresen a helyet, az illető összeget kiszámolják az adóhivatalban.
A dokumentumot juttassa el postai úton ajánlott küldeményként, vagy vigye el személyesen az Adóhivatalba. A nyomtatványokat a területileg illetékes adóhivatalhoz kell eljuttatni: városokban mindenhol van adóhivatal, falvak esetében forduljon tájékoztatásért a polgármesteri hivatalhoz.
Köszönjük, hogy felajánlásával kifejezi bizalmát a Csíki Hegyimentő Csapat iránt!
What is the mission (the reason of existence of the Csík Mountain Rescue Team?
The primary mission of our team is to rapidly and efficiently provide first aid to people in need in mountain areas and preventing these problems.
Searching for missing persons, searching and rapidly providing first aid to injured persons, transporting them to regular ambulance in safety.
Educating the population regarding to safe mountain tourism, informing hikers and tourists about possibilities and dangers, promoting "mountain life" for the youth and not only.
We gonna complete our mission trough the following values and principles:
- - promoting the mountain culture, mountain / winter sports ,
- - continuous preparing and development,
- - continuous education and informing,
- - team spirit and camaraderie,
- - attention, equilibrium and tenacity.
The Harghita County and the Csík Depression, with its surrounding mountains, is traditionally a region where mountain and winter sports have a great popularity. Winter mountains sports have a long tradition in the whole Szekler Land, but we can say that Csíkszereda (Miercurea-Ciuc) is the leader of this region in this field. Just to mention a few names which brought fame to winter sports of this region: Miklós Edith, Bónis Attila (both multiple nation champions of both Romania and Hungary in alpine skiing, Edith also is the first alpine skier from this region to bring a Ski World Cup podium), Tófalvi Éva (the first and only biathlon athlete to win a World Cup competition and also standard-bearer for Romania at Winter Olympics, with 5 participations).
The Csík Mountain Rescue Team offers mountain rescue and other mountain services in Csík Depression and the surrounding mountains. The organizational background is provided by the Csík Mountain Rescue Association, a not for profit organization based in Csíkszereda.
The Csík Mountain Rescue Association is in partnership with the other mountain rescue teams from Harghita County and the Harghita County Mountain Rescue Public Service (as an institute working under the Harghita County Council), which represents local authorities and has as main duty to assure and organize the mountain rescue activity in the county according to the existing laws and regulations.
Main activities of the team:
- - rapid reaction to emergency calls from the mountain area.
- - in winter time standby for assuring mountain security weekend and at legal holidays at Harghita Bay, especially on ski slopes.
- - improvement and maintenance of mountain hiking trails (including signs) in our action area.
- - digital tracking of hiking trails, providing data for map makers.
- - building and maintenance of mountain refuges.
- - organizing school programs: "kid salvamont camp", orienteering competitions.
- - school classes on different mountain rescue, orienteering, hiking themes.
- - supervising and co-organizing sport competitions: ski, orienteering, biathlon, mountainbike and triathlon .
- - mountain touristic services, guiding.
- - organizing climbing and highline festivals .
- - building, improving and maintenance of climbing routes, etc.
A first important step to develop mountain rescue activity in Romania was the Government Decision number 140/1969. This decision was initiated by a group of passionate mountaineers. Among others this Decision referred:
- - to preventing injuries in mountains and organizing mountain rescue system.
- - the following organizations and institutes are responsible for mountain rescue: The National Council for Physical Training and Sports, The Federation for Alpinism and Tourism, The Ministry of Health, The Ministry of Tourism and the Commission for Popular Councils (representing the local authorities).
- - he "Popular Councils" of mountain towns had the job to organize mountain rescue teams, based on volunteer skiers and climbers. These persons got "job descriptions" with their tasks and rights, they also earned bonuses for activities in danger zone.
In the first round there were140 mountain rescuers in 7 counties. In the following 30 years new mountain rescue (Salvamont as they used to call) centers were open. Nowadays there are 36 mountain rescue centers with more than 900 mountain rescuers (professionals and volunteers).
In Harghita County, following the above mentioned decision local officials opened the Mountain Rescue Center in 1970. From 1970 till 1989 mountain rescuing in Harghita County was organized from the main town of the county. The volunteers participated periodically to trainings under the wings of the Romanian Tourism and Alpinism Federation. Every year major mountain rescue trainings were organized on national level, such as Alpiniada ("Alpin Olympics") and Mountain Rescue Rally. We have to mention, that even if these mountain rescuers were volunteers (former sportsmen: skiers and climbers), everyone of them having a regular job, mostly in local factories, they were "taken out of production" by a central decision. For these periods they got their normal salaries from the basic job, for weeks or months.
The Harghita County mountain rescue area was organized in four area: Csík, Udvarhely, Gyergyó and Maroshévíz, under the former County Council.
At Harghita Bath, the accommodation and headquarter of mountain rescuers was at the Úz Bence Hut, an old pension, built in the period of the WWII. This accommodation was supported by the Public Hospital from Csíkszereda, the main town of the county. In this area, the main activity was to insure and surveille the ski slopes from the resort, ski tourism being the most important activity in this field.
Also, in this area, of Csík Mountain Rescue Team is located the Lonely Rock, on of the most popular and spectacular tourist sight of the region. Before 1989 the Balan Mountain Rescue Team was in charge, they being supported by the Balan Mining Company "Minerul". In this period was build the "football house", a kind of refuge and mini warehouse for rescuers. In this period emergency calls were very rare, mostly because of the absence of communication systems, such as mobil or even wired telephone .
In Harghita County we have 8 professional mountain rescuers, one of them in Csík Mountain Rescue Team, and about 40 volunteers at county level and 14 volunteers and candidates in our team.
It is a well known fact the certificate mountain rescuers have to get through a very intense and complex training, investing time and energy to become mountain rescuers. After a severe selection, specially from former sportsmen (skiers, alpinists, climbers etc.), they follow a 2-3 years long candidate training - testing, while under the guidance of experienced mountain rescuers are gathering experience by participating to more and more complex rescue and other activity. In this period, they have short but intense training in different fields: ski, ski touring, climbing, rope techniques, communication skills (technical), walking through hard terrain (with summer and winter equipment and rescue machines, pulley systems etc.), first aid, using rescue equipments, knowledge of the action area and a long list of other knowledge, skills.
Those, who finish with success this stage, are proposed by their teams to follow the four mountain rescue schools (beginner summer, advanced summer, beginner winter, advanced winter). These schools take place up in the mountains in special training centers, far away from "civilization", and they mean intense training. After these schools the candidate can attend the official exam for certification.
Developping the mountain rescue system in Harghita county had a major milestone in 2009 when the different action areas of local mountain rescue teams were delimited on the map. From that point on every team and emergency centers know exactly the area they have to cover. Of course, due to the good partnership and to the responsability for the people in trouble, different "neighbour" teams coworks at searching and rescue missions. One of the major causes of these partnerships is that many important tourist area of our county are located at the "border" of the areas and sometimes it is very difficult to have a precise location of persons in trouble. We had emergency calls when lost tourists were found many miles away from the originally presumed location.
The easiest way to define the action area of the Csík Mountain Rescue Team is that we cover the mountains surround the Csík Depression.
- South: from the Harghita and Kovászna counties border, including the Csomád Mountains, Tusnad Bath and its surroundings and Piliske Mountain.
- East: the Kászon region, Csík Mountains, till Ghymes.
- North: Hagymás Mountains, including Lonely Rock, till White Field
- West: the ridge of the Middle and South Harghita Moutains
0Salvamont 0725 82 66 68
There is a national mountain rescue emergency number 0-SALVAMONT, which can be called from any Romanian mobile or wired phone network and from roaming (0040 725 66 68). The National Association of Mountain Rescuers from Romania -ANSMR is the organization to provide this service from Brasov (Kronstadt) a large town from the center of the country, in the middle of the Carpathians Mountains. Trough this number You can contact also the Mountain Rescue Teams from Harghita County. The operator will assure direct line to the rescuers which are at the nearest place to the reported event. Of course, there are complex situations when lost people cannot be precisely located. In this case, as first step, the local mountain rescue team from the nearest town from where the tourists left has the duty to start the searches, considering the initial destination.
112 - National general emergency number. It has a very large coverage, it can be called sometimes even when your network is out of range. Also, it is the easiest number to remember. The mountain rescue activity is part of the national emergency system. Mountain rescuers have a partnership with the 112 operator team. As someone calls the 112, a whole rescue mechanism is launched, including mountain rescue teams if needed. The injured or lost persons don't have to make other arrangements, such as calling ambulance to transport the victims from the mountain rescue team to hospitals. If mountain rescuers are sent to save a person, they will arrange the following actions to, including communication with the ambulance, or other rescue services.
What should I say when I call emergency numbers? What they are going to ask me?
The operator is interested about the emergency situation. How serious is the problem? Who is the injured or lost person? Where the event took place? Who is the person which made the emergency call? His or her phone number?
The clear, objective, calm answers helps the rescuer to have an efficient reaction.
You have to remain calm and try to keep the phone line open. Not to keep it busy with some unimportant calls, You can be recalled at anytime by the rescuers for details (for example about the location or the state of the injured person. The phone's battery should not be discharged just when the most important calls would come.
If we appeal 0-SALVAMONT, or 0725-82 66 68, it can help us in emergency situation or dangers in the mountains. We don't have to wait till the situation becomes critical. For example, if we are hiking in the mountains and we have doubts about the path to take or we feel that maybe we can be lost it is better to call at once for guidance trough phone or maybe personal, than to be really lost or injured at a dangerous path.